In addition to the number of signatories [Note 1], Stefan Wolff identifies the following similarities and differences between the issues raised in the two agreements: [28] The British government is virtually out of the question and neither Parliament nor the British people have the legal right, under this agreement, to hinder the achievement of Irish unity if it had the consent of the people of the North and the South… Our nation is and will remain a nation of 32 circles. Antrim and Down are and will remain a part of Ireland, just like any southern county. [20] As part of the agreement, the British and Irish governments committed to holding referendums in Northern Ireland and the Republic on 22 May 1998. The referendum on Northern Ireland is expected to approve the deal reached at the multi-party talks. The Republic of Ireland`s referendum should approve the Anglo-Irish agreement and facilitate the modification of the Irish constitution in accordance with the agreement. The agreement consists of two related documents, both agreed on Good Friday in Belfast on 10 April 1998: 7. Participants also noted that the Uk Government is in principle prepared, with broad support for political parties and, if necessary, after consultation with the Irish Government, to delegate responsibility for police and justice issues in the implementation of the current recommendations. The agreement provided for a 108-member elected assembly in Belfast responsible for finance, economic development, health, education, welfare, environment and agriculture.

Other tasks would remain in London. 1. Participants reiterated their agreement in the procedural motion, adopted on 24 September 1997, that “the resolution of the decommissioning issue is an indispensable part of the negotiation process” and also recall the provisions of paragraph 25 of Part 1. i) above. The following articles are replaced by Articles 2 and 3 of the Irish text: the participants in the agreement were composed of two sovereign states (United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland), with armed forces and police forces involved in the riots. Two political parties, Sinn Féin and the Progressive Unionist Party (PUP), were linked to paramilitary organisations: the IRA (Commissional Irish Republican Army) and the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF). The Ulster Democratic Party (UDP), associated with the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), had withdrawn from the talks three months earlier. The main themes addressed by Sunningdale and dealt with in the Belfast Agreement are the principle of self-determination, the recognition of the two national identities, intergovernmental cooperation between the British and Ireland and legal procedures for compulsory power-sharing, such as inter-community voting and the D`Hondt system for appointing ministers to the executive. [24] [25] Former IRA member and journalist Tommy McKearney says the main difference is the British government`s intention to negotiate a comprehensive agreement including the IRA and the most intransigent unionists. [26] With regard to the right to self-determination, two qualifications are recorded by the writer Austen Morgan.

First, the transfer of territory from one state to another must be done through an international agreement between the British and Irish governments. Second, the population of Northern Ireland can no longer be alone in united Ireland; They need not only the Irish government, but also the people of their neighbouring country, Ireland, to support unity. Mr Morgan also pointed out that, unlike the Irish Act 1949 and the Northern Ireland Constitution Act 1973, drawn up under Sunningdale, the 1998 agreement and the resulting British legislation explicitly provide for the possibility of a unified Ireland. [27] The Belfast Agreement is also known as the Good Friday Agreement, since it was concluded on Good Friday on 10 April 1998.